Carpinus caroliniana

American Hornbeam

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Hardiness Zone

3b (ref. Hydro-Québec)

Region of Origin

Eastern North America and Central America

Mother Tree located in

Sherbrooke, Québec

Seeds Type

Orthodox, that is to say seeds with the capability to withstand desiccation and freezing temperatures (-20°C) and may therefore be conserved for years, if not decades.

For germination, you must...

1. allow FOUR MONTHS for seed treatment;
2. subject them to a scarification AND a warm stratification, THEN a cold stratification, before sowing (follow the steps below in order).

Scarification : Soak the nutlets in water at room temperature for 24 hours.
Stratification (warm and cold) : Place the nutlets in a bag (Ziploc Slider type) containing slightly premoistened peat moss. Seeds should be surrounded by the latter. Close the bag and place it at room temperature for about two months, then in cool storage (between 1°C and 5°C) for approximately two months.
Seedlings : Remove the content from the bag and sow the nutlets by broadcasting the mix on the growth medium. Bury lightly, less than five millimeters from the soil surface.